Top Dog Nutrition Premium Blend has been formulated to meet the optimal nutrition levels established by AAFCO Dog Nutrient Profiles when used along with Top Dog Nutrition homemade dog food recipes.
Ingredients: Butternut squash powder, calcium carbonate, sodium chloride, potassium chloride, vitamin E, iron amino acid chelate, copper citrate, manganese amino acid chelate, zinc oxide, potassium iodide, vitamin D3.
Contains no preservatives, sugar, yeast, starch, artificial flavors or colors. We do not use any raw materials from India or China.
For use in dogs only. Do not add to commercial dog food.
Guaranteed analysis per 1g of supplement:
Calcium (min.) - 145 mg
Calcium (max.) - 165 mg
Potassium (min.) - 15 mg
Sodium (min.) - 9 mg
Chloride (min.) - 27 mg
Iron (min.) - 0.8 mg
Copper (min.) - 0.15 mg
Manganese (min.) - 0.10 mg
Zinc (min.) - 0.90 mg
Iodine (min.) - 0.02 mg
Vitamin D (min.) - 15 IU
Vitamin E (min.) - 2 IU
The following information is from www.knowwhatyoufeed.com who formulated and manufactured Top Dog Meal Completer.
Of all the minerals, calcium is required in the greatest amount. It is supplemented in the form of calcium carbonate from food grade fine ground limestone. The country of origin for both products is USA.
Copper is added in the form of tasteless copper citrate or copper gluconate. The country of origin for both products is USA.
Iron and Manganese
These micro-minerals are added in the form of tasteless amino acid chelates. The country of origin is USA.
Sodium, Potassium and Chloride
Sodium, potassium and chloride are added as food grade sodium chloride and potassium chloride (table salt). The country of origin for both is USA.
Added as zinc oxide. The country of origin is USA.
Vitamin E is added in a natural form of mixed tocopherols. The country of origin is USA. Mixed tocopherols are manufactured from vegetable oils. They include alpha, beta, gamma and delta tocopherols. Recent studies have suggested that alpha-tocopherol (the most common form of tocopherol added to food products and supplements) may not yield the much purported health benefits unless it’s combined with the gamma-tocopherol form. Though gamma-tocopherol may be less potent as an antioxidant than alpha-tocopherol, research suggests its configuration enables it to better trap and quench reactive nitrogen oxide species. These dangerous free radical compounds are formed in excess during an inflammatory episode. Gamma-tocopherols unique ability to provide protection against these damaging reactive nitrogen oxide species makes it an extremely important weapon in the battle against heart disease, brain disease and cancer. You can find more info about the benefits of mixed tocopherols in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Vol. 74, No. 6, 714-722, December 2001.
Vitamin D is supplemented in the form of cholecalciferol (vitamin D3) with vitamin E added as an antioxidant. The country of origin is Israel. This product does not contain the synthetic antioxidants butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) or butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA). While some studies indicate BHT and BHA are safe, other studies demonstrate that they cause cancer in rats, mice, and hamsters. The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services considers BHA to be “reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen.” Nevertheless, the Food and Drug Administration still permits BHA to be used in pet foods.
Iodine is added as potassium iodide. The country of origin is USA.